Sprain / Strain

What is a Shoulder Sprain / Strain? A sprain in the shoulder involves the ligaments a strain involves the muscles around the shoulder. A sprain / strain typically occurs because the tissue has been overstretched too quickly, resulting in micro-tearing of the tissue. This results in painful inflammation, typically increased with movement and use of…

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Shoulder Pain

Shoulder Pain The shoulder is the most complex joint in the human body. It has to move through more than 180 degrees of motion in many directions, rotate, slide and spin. There are a variety of muscles that have to work in concert to ensure the shoulder joint tracks properly with everyday activities. It is…

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Dislocation, Instability

About Dislocation Dislocation of the shoulder typically occurs from falling onto an outstretched arm or a blow to the side or back of the shoulder when falling on it. This can happen in different sports activities or falls. Dislocations are managed medically to relocate the head of the humerus bone. Depending on the severity of…

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Labrum Tear

About Labrum Tear The labrum is a thick ring of cartilage around the socket part of your shoulder joint (glenohumeral joint). The labrum acts like a cup for the head of the humerus to sit in (like a ball inside a cup). The labrum gives stability to the joint and also helps to cushion as…

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Frozen Shoulder / Adhesive Capsulitis

What is Frozen Shoulder? Frozen shoulder is a painful shoulder joint condition. In medical terminology it is called "adhesive capsulitis". How frozen shoulder exactly begins is still a bit of a mystery, however, it typically occurs after a trauma or repetitive injury to the shoulder. Women in the pre and post–menopausal age range are more…

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Rotator Cuff Injuries

Rotator Cuff Injuries The rotator cuff is a group of muscles surrounding the shoulder. They are made up of the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, sub–scapularis and teres minor muscles. While these muscles are small and not that powerful, they play a critical role in how the shoulder moves. Without your rotator cuff, you would not be able…

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Sports Injuries

About Sports Injuries Whether you are a professional athlete, high school athlete or just like to be active and play sports, injuries can occur. Many shoulder sports injuries occur because of a fall onto an outstretched arm or from repetitive overhead actions, such as swimming or tennis. Another reason for shoulder sports injuries is an…

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Bursitis / Tendonitis

What is Bursitis / Tendonitis? The ending of the word "itis" is defined as inflammation. Therefore, bursitis is inflammation of a bursa and tendonitis is inflammation of a tendon. A bursa is a fluid filled sac that sits between muscles or tissues to cushion and reduce friction. In the shoulder there is a rather large…

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Post-surgery Rehab

About Shoulder Post-surgery Rehab There are a variety of shoulder surgeries that may have to be done in order to stabilize the shoulder, repair damaged tendons or ligaments. With the advances in arthroscopic surgery, recovery times for shoulder injuries have improved, however physical therapy is still needed to reduce pain quickly, restore range of motion,…

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Fractures

About Shoulder Fractures Fractures in the shoulder occur for a variety of reasons, but typically from a fall onto the shoulder itself. Fractures can occur in seniors also due to osteoporosis (thinning and weakening of bone). The goal with fracture management is to provide a safe position for the bone heal (typically around 8 weeks),…

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